The Office of Emergency Management is the successor of the Office of Civil Defense. The Civil Defense Act of 1950 created offices of "Civil Defense" in cities and counties throughout the United States, and was primarily focused on planning for a Nuclear Attack. In the late 1970s, the focus of planning changed to more of an "all hazards" approach, so the offices began to concentrate more on the day-to-day types of emergencies such as severe weather, hazardous materials, large fires, plane crashes, etc.
The Office of Emergency Management (OEM) today is responsible for coordinating the activities of volunteer, public and private agencies in all phases of emergency management (Preparedness, Response, Recovery, and Mitigation). The OEM also develops plans, training programs, exercises, and coordinates emergency management training for Kaufman County and its allied agencies.
The Office of Emergency Management (OEM) also assists City, State, and Federal officials and their respective constituents with disaster preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery programs. The Office also serves as a repository of information concerning hazard identification and mitigation procedures as well as a contact point for incoming information regarding potential threats to the local community or region. OEM also provides the public and media organizations with accurate and timely information regarding emergency management programs and issues in the County.
The OEM also serves as the local coordinating agency for community based programs such as Citizen Corps (CERT, Fire Corps, Neighborhood Watch, etc.), Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service and other volunteer programs.